It is not my intent to explain the many perceptions of the "Knights Templar" over the centuries, as I will leave that
to the many historians that devote their research to this. Many books, and lately, some movies, have been devoted to
expanding our knowledge of the Knights Templar. My interest comes through genealogy, as I have encountered
several references to them in the research of my ancestors. A brief explanation of what they were:
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Jesus Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici),
commonly known as the Knights Templar, the Order of the Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers)
or simply as Templars, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders.The organization
existed for nearly two centuries during the Middle Ages.
Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129, the Order became a favored charity throughout Christendom,
and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among
the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. Non-combatant members of the Order managed a large
economic infrastructure throughout Christendom, innovating financial techniques that were an early form of banking,
and building fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land.
The Templars' existence was tied closely to the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost, support for the Order faded.
Rumors about the Templars' secret initiation ceremony created mistrust, and King Philip IV of France, deeply in debt to
the Order, took advantage of the situation. In 1307, many of the Order's members in France were arrested, tortured into
giving false confessions, and then burned at the stake. Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V disbanded the
Order in 1312. Portugal was the only European country where Templars were not persecuted and arrested (due to the
King's will). The abrupt disappearance of a major part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculation and
After the First Crusade captured Jerusalem in 1099, many Christian pilgrims traveled to visit what they referred to as
the Holy Places. However, though the city of Jerusalem was under relatively secure control, the rest of the Outremer
was not. Bandits abounded, and pilgrims were routinely slaughtered, sometimes by the hundreds, as they attempted to
make the journey from the coastline at Jaffa into the Holy Land.
Around 1119, two veterans of the First Crusade, the French knight Hugues de Payens and his relative Godfrey de
Saint-Omer, proposed the creation of a monastic order for the protection of these pilgrims. King Baldwin II of Jerusalem
agreed to their request, and gave them space for a headquarters on the Temple Mount, in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The Temple Mount had a mystique, because it was above what was believed to be the ruins of the Temple of Solomon.
The Crusaders therefore referred to the Al Aqsa Mosque as Solomon's Temple, and it was from this location that the
Order took the name of Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, or "Templar" knights. The Order, with about
nine knights, had few financial resources and relied on donations to survive. Their emblem was of two knights riding on a
single horse, emphasizing the Order's poverty.
The white robe signified purity; and the red cross signified their willingness to die to protect Christianity; the cross in the color of blood over the heart.
"Once you know that the Church is being continually worn down by such a succession of disasters and by so many deaths
of the sons of God as a result of the oppression of the pagans, we believe that not one of you will lie low. We urge you . .
to do your utmost to defend your brothers and to liberate the Churches." - Pope Calixtus II, 1123
"Every brother who is professed in the Holy service should, through fear of the flames of Hell, give total obedience to the
Master; for nothing is dearer to Jesus Christ than obedience, and if anything be commanded by the Master or
by one to whom he has given his power, it should be done without demur as if it were a command from God . . . for you
must give up your own free will." - The Rule of the Templars, as recorded by scribe John Michael at the Council of Troyes, 1128
Here are my genealogy connections:
Medieval Crusader Coat of Arms for the Kingdom of Jerusalem, with the Jerusalem Cross
Given to the Crusaders by Pope Urban II for the First Crusade, and became a symbol of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the other Crusader states, with Moslem states (in shades of green) in 1135 during the reign of Melisende.
Fulk V, King of Jerusalem: Fulk (in French: Foulque or Foulques, in English: sometimes spelled Fulq)
Fulk marries Queen Melisende of Jerusalem
Fulk was born-1089/1092 in Angers (France) died-13 November 1143 in Acre (Palestine), also known as
Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was
also the paternal grandfather of Henry II of England. I believe him to possibly be my 26th Great, Great Grandfather.
Fulk was born in Angers between 1089 and 1092, the son of Count Fulk IV of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort. In 1092,
Bertrade deserted her husband and bigamously married King Philip I of France.
He became count of Anjou upon his father's death in 1109. In the next year, he married Erembourg of Maine,
cementing Angevin control over the County of Maine.
He was originally an opponent of King Henry I of England and a supporter of King Louis VI of France, but in
1118 or 1119 he had allied with Henry when Henry arranged for his son and heir William Adelin to marry Fulk's
daughter Matilda. Fulk went on crusade in 1119 or 1120, and became attached to the Knights Templar. (Orderic Vitalis)
He returned, late in 1121, after which he began to subsidize the Templars, maintaining two knights in the Holy Land for
a year. Much later, Henry arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry Fulk's son Geoffrey of Anjou, which she did in
1127 or 1128.
The history of this was recorded by Orderic Vitalis (Ordericus) (1075 – c. 1142) was an English
chronicler of Norman ancestry who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th and 12th century
Normandy and Anglo-Norman England.
The other connection is through my Molyneux line:
In the chancel of Sefton Church are two achievements with the arms of the Molyneux and Brudenell; and on the east
window is the following inscription: “Orate pro bono statu—Molineux Militis: Qui istam fiere fecit anno Dom. Millmo
CCCCCXLI,” ( I believe that the Latin translation is a request for the well being of his soul--"Pray Ye for the welfare
of the Knight Molyneux and he that caused this to be made this year of the Lord 1541") with three shields of arms
beneath. Near the tomb of Richard Molineux, Lord of Bradley, lie two cross-legged
figures of Knights Templars of the Molyneux family......(This will require further research).
This has, to say the least, been a fascinating journey of discovery, that I'm sure, will take many more years to explore.
With all the legend of the Knights Templar, one recent discovery says much about them: In September 2001, a document
known as the "Chinon Parchment" dated 17–20 August 1308 was discovered in the Vatican Secret Archives by Barbara
Frale, apparently after having been filed in the wrong place in 1628. It is a record of the trial of the Templars
and shows that Clement absolved the Templars of all heresies in 1308 before formally disbanding the Order in 1312, as did
another Chinon Parchment dated 20 August 1308 addressed to Philip IV of France, also mentioning that all Templars
that had confessed to heresy were "restored to the Sacraments and to the unity of the Church". This other Chinon
Parchment has been well known to historians having been published by Étienne Baluze in 1693, and by Pierre Dupuy in 1751.
It is currently the Catholic Church position that the medieval persecution of the Knights Templar was unjust; that there
was nothing inherently wrong with the Order or its Rule; and that Pope Clement was pressured into his actions by the
magnitude of the public scandal and the dominating influence of King Philip IV.
This is my lineage:
Norman/French Branch (Normandy):
Fulbert de Falaise (b. ?-Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France d. after 1000 Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France)
is my 34th great grandfather
Walter De Falaise (b. 960-Normandy, France d.-? Y, Somme, Picardie, France)
William De Falaise (b. 980-Falaise, Calvados, Normandy, France d. ? Moulins, Calvados, Normandy, France)
Robert De Molyneux (Moulins, Moline, Molins, Mulyneus) (b.999-Normandy, France d.-? )
English Branch: (Conquered England with William the Conqueror in 1066)
William De Molyneux (b.1030-Normandy, France d.1069-Sefton, Lardboork, Lancashire, England)
Son of Robert
Sir William de Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton (b.1065-Normandy, France d.1081-Lancashire, England )
Son of Robert
Vivian DeMolyneux (b.1081-Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1107-Sefton, Lancashire, England)(1st to be born in England)
Son of Sir William
Adam De Molyneux (b.1107-Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1162-Prescot, Lancashire, England)
Son of Vivian
Robert De Molyneux (b.1135-Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1158-Warrington, Lancashire, England)
Son of Adam
Lord Richard De Molyneux (b.1159-Little Crosby, Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1211-Little Crosby, Sefton, Lancashire, England)
Son of Robert
Sir Adam De Molyneux, 7th Earl of Sefton (b.1185 -Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1247-Sefton, Lancashire, England )
Son of Lord Richard
Sir William More De Molyneux (b.1210-Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1289-Canterbury, Kent, England)
Son of Sir Adam
Sir Richard Lord of Sefton de Molyneux (b.1232 -Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1320-Sefton, Lancashire, England)
Son of Sir William More
Sir William Molyneux (b.1263-Gascony, Lancashire, England d.1335-West Derby, Lancashire, England)
Son of Sir Richard Lord of Sefton
Sir Richard Molyneux (b.1285-Sefton, Lancashire, England d.1363-Sefton, Lancashire, England)
Son of Sir William
Ellen Molyneux (b.1329-Lancashire, England d.1380-Lancashire, England -Ellen m. Richard Bold, of Bold Lancashire, Esq.)
Daughter of Sir Richard
John de Bold (b.1360-Bold Manor, Lancashire, England d.1410-Bold Manor, Lancashire, England )
Son of Ellen
Richard de Bold (b.1380-Bold Manor, Lancashire, England d.1438-Bold Manor, Lancashire, England )
Son of John de
Sir Henry De Bold Knight (b.1401-Lancashire, England d.1478-Prescot, Lancashire, England)
Son of Richard de
Sibella de Bold (b.1440-Standish, Lancashire, England d.1506-Standish, Lancashire, England-Sibella m. Alexander Standish)
Daughter of Sir Henry De
Alice Harrington (b.1471-Standish, Lancashire, England d.1537-Standish, Lancashire, England-m. Gilbert Standish )
Daughter of Sibella de
Robert Standish (b.1495-Ormskirk, Lancashire, England d.1529-Ellenbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England)
Son of Alice
Huan Standish (b.1515-Ellanbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England d.1572-Ellanbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England)
Son of Robert
John (Sir) Standish Col. (b.1538-Ellenbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England d.1603-Ellenbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England)
Son of Huan
John Standish (b.1557-Ellenbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England d.1602-Ellenbane, Isle Man, Lancashire, England)
Son of John (Sir)
Myles Standish Capt. (b.1584-Ellanbane, Lancashire, England 1656) (Came over on Mayflower 1620) d.3 Oct. 1656-
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Son of John
Alexander Standish (b.1626-Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts d.6 July1702-Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts)(1st to be born in America)
Son of Myles
Lydia Standish (b.1672-Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts d.09 Mar. 1750-Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts)
Daughter of Alexander
Isaac Sampson (b.18 Apr. 1688-Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts d.1749-Raynham, Bristol, Massachusetts)
Son of Lydia
Uriah Sampson (b.30 July 1717-Plympton, Plymouth, Massachusetts d. 9 July 1789-Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts)
Son of Isaac
Ezra Sampson Rev. (b.12 Feb 1748 in Middleboro, Massachusetts d.13 Dec 1823-New York, United States)
Son of Uriah
Mary (Polly) Sampson (b.1784-Massachusetts d.14 Apr. 1850-Litchfield County, Connecticut)
Daughter of Ezra
George Adam PhD (b.17 Sept 1812-Canaan, Litchfield, Connecticut d. 4 Jan 1894-Canaan, Litchfield, Connecticut)
Son of Mary (Polly)
Mary Elizabeth Adam (b.31 Aug 1847-Canaan, Litchfield, Connecticut d. after 1920 [was on 1920 Census] )
Daughter of George
Samuel Charles "Carl" Noble (b. 26 Dec 1881-Connecticut [prob.Canaan, Litchfield] d.1 June 1947-Jacksonville, Duval, Florida)
Son of Mary Elizabeth
Aileen Butler Noble (b. 27 May 1917-Jacksonville, Duval, Florida [living] )
Daughter of Samuel Charles "Carl"
Cornelius John "Neal" Griffin Jr. (b. 24 June 1947-Americus, Sumter, Georgia [living]
I am the son of Aileen Butler
"The Templars" by Piers Paul Read , 1999, De Capo Press, Cambridge, Mass., USA
Internet Medieval Sourcebook at: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.asp
"History, Genealogical and Biographical, of the Molyneux families " by Nellie Zada Rice Molyneux, 1904
Ancestry.com at http://ancestry.com
Dictionary of Vexillology: Appendix VIII Crosses in Heraldry at: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/vxt!dv-8.html#moline
Various Family Trees
The International Molyneux Family Association (IMFA) at http://www.mx-world.org/default.aspx
"Patronymica Britannica, a dictionary of the family names of the United Kingdom " by Mark Antony Lower, 1860
"History of The County Palatine And Duchy of Lancaster" By Edward Baines, ESQ. MP, Published in 1836 By Fisher, Son, & Co., London, Paris and New York
The Catholic Encyclopedia at: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14493a.htm
The Norman Conquest at: http://normanconquest.co.uk/
Molineux Family website at: http://www.molineux.com/history/history.asp
A Renaissance History of Heraldry at : http://www.btinternet.com/~paul.j.grant/guillim/s2/gu_s2c7.htm
BBC History Online at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/normans/background_01.shtml
"The History of Sumter County, Georgia" by Jack F. Cox
Absolutely one of the most beautiful pieces of music ever written:
Vide Cor Meum, “See My Heart” in Latin, is the title of this beautiful aria written by Irish composer Patrick Cassidy.
It is fashioned after an early sonnet of Dante’s from Dante Alighieri's "La Vita Nuova" ("The New Life").
The mp3 that plays on this page is "Vide Cor Meum", courtesy of The 4shared.com website
The lyrics are on You Tube at: (to avoid double playing, please close your player for this page, or watch on You Tube)
When Dante was just a child, he used to see every day, a beautiful girl just
for a while, on his way to school. One day, she didn't appear, and he never saw her again till the day of her wedding,
when he saw her as a splendid bride. Not a long time after, she died in childbirth. Dante would see her for the last time
as her body was being carried to the cemetery. Then he wrote this poem.
An incredibly sad poem about loss and humanity's mortality.
I sometimes wonder, if music such as this may be heard in Heaven..........